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Working Class Homosexuality in South African History: Angel and the Ingqingili

Iain Edwards and Marc Epprecht
Working Class Homosexuality in South African History: Angel and the Ingqingili
ISBN: 978-0-7969-2583-1
2020/288 pages
Distributed for HSRC Press


The very existence of homosexual working-class men in South Africa has long-been suppressed—or worse. Iain Edwards and Marc Epprecht have recovered representative stories of these men who were previously deemed "outside of history."

Based on a previously unpublished primary source from the early twentieth century, as well as unique interviews with men remembering their lives in the gay settlement of Mkhumbane, this book is meant to inspire both a reimagination of the past and the creation of a more inclusive present and future.


Iain Edwards is an independent historian based in South Africa. Marc Epprecht is professor of global development studies at Queen's University in Canada.


  • "I am Angel:" African Working Class Gay Identities and Politics, Past and Present. 
  • A Sex Scandal in the Gold Mines: Johannesburg, 1907.
  • Oral Enquiry Transcript: Transvaal Colony Confidential Enquiry into Alleged Prevalence of Unnatural Vice in Mine Compounds on the Witswatersrand, 1907.
  • The Izingquingili yaseMkhumbane: An Oral History.
  • Oral History Transcripts: Man About Town, March 1995.
  • Mqenge, November-December 1995.
  • Leader's Son, December 1995.
  • Young Onlooker, December 1995.
  • Angel, March-April 1996.
  • Conclusion.
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