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Beyond Praetorianism: The Latin American Military in Transition

Richard L. Millett and Michael Gold-Biss, editors
ISBN: 978-1-57454-000-0
1996/318 pages/LC: 95-41548
Distributed for the North-South Center Press

"Belong[s] on the shelf of any person who wishes to be considered at all knowlegeable of the role of the military in Latin America."—John T. Fishel, Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement

"Promises to be the most significant book on Latin American military forces in three decades."—Parameters

"This is an excellent addition to the library of civil-military relations, low-intensity conflict, and inter-American affairs. The chapters are richly documented, provide genuinely new insights, and add to our understanding of the military as actors simutaneously pulled in at times contradictory directions."—Gabriel Marcella, Small Wars & Insurgencies


The post-Cold War world has presented Latin American militaries with new, unsettling realities: diminished threats from insurgencies, governments' inability to control the flow of information, the necessity of operating within a global economic system, and a lost ability by weaker states to manipulate external actors. These conditions are placing military institutions under pressure to support efforts at peace negotiation, to accept significant reductions in strength and budgets, to reduce their roles in the political process, and to re-examine their traditional immunities and autonomy. This volume examines all of these factors and offers possible scenarios for regional developments.


Richard L. Millett is Oppenheimer Chair of Warfighting Strategy, Marine Corps University, Quantico, and an adjunct senior research associate of the North-South Center at the University of Miami. Michael Gold-Biss is professor of political science and director of the International Relations Program at St. Cloud State University, Minnesota.


  • Introduction—the Editors.
  • The Future of Cooperative Hemispheric Security in the Americas—H. Patiño Mayer.
  • Peacekeeping, Confidence-Building—J. Child.
  • Guerrillas, Narcotics, and Terrorism: Old Menaces in a New World—M.G. Manwaring. Changing Military World Views: The Armed Forces of South America in the 1990s—C. Perelli and J. Rial.
  • The Regional Security System (RSS)—G. Brana-Shute.
  • CASE STUDIES. The Mexican Military: The Dilemma of Functioning in a One-Party System—S.J. Wager.
  • From Triumph to Survival: Cuba's Armed Forces in an Era of Transition—R.L. Millett.
  • Nicaragua's Armed Forces: An Assessment of Their Political Power—L.H. Guzmán.
  • Unfinished Business: Military Reform and Peace Processes in El Salvador and Guatemala—B. Tenneriello with G. Thale and R. Millett.
  • Life After Wartime? Civil-Military Relations in the Salvadoran Reconstruction—T. Juhn.
  • Brazilian Security in the New World Disorder: Implications for Civil-Military Relations—M.G. Manwaring.
  • The Transformation of Argentine Security—D.L. Norden.
  • Peru: The State Under Siege—D. Kruijt.
  • The Future of Latin America's Armed Forces—R.L. Millett.