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Independence and Revolution in Portuguese-Speaking Africa: Selected Articles and Interviews, 1980-1986

Tomaz Aquino de Bragança, edited and annotated by Marco Mondaini and Colin Darch
Independence  and  Revolution in Portuguese-Speaking Africa: Selected Articles and Interviews, 1980-1986
ISBN: 978-0-7969-2433-9
2019/186 pages
Distributed for HSRC Press
"What a treasure! This collection provides a vast amount of information about the character of the Mozambican Revolution and the debates that surrounded it. Aquino's words evoke the spirit of the times."—Albert "Albie" Sachs, justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa, 1994-2009


Tomaz Aquino de Bragança, a close adviser to former Mozambican president Samora Machel, dedicated his life to the liberation struggles of southern Africa. Before his death in a plane crash (along with President Machel) in 1986, he was a journalist, an academic, a diplomat, and a public intellectual known for his skill in sensitive and discreet political negotiation, most notably his role in Mozambique's revolution and independence from Portugal in 1975.

Marco Mondaini and Colin Darch present a selection of Aquino's postindependence writings and interviews, many published here in English for the first time. They also provide a general introduction to Aquino's life and thought and short introductions to the texts. The result is both a compelling glimpse into the inner workings of several liberation movements and a window on the development of Aquino’s thinking around issues of independence, nationalism, and the character of the struggles.


Marco Mondaini is associate professor at the Center for Studies and Research on Social Rights and Social Policies at the Federal University of Pernambuco. Colin Darch, now retired, has conducted research and taught at universities in Brazil, Ethiopia, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe.   


  • Introduction—the Editors.
  • Underdevelopment and Migrant Labour—with Ruth First.
  • Samora's Marxism.
  • Savimbi: The Career of a Counter-Revolutionary.
  • There Was Never a Decolonisation Process in Mozambique.
  • Reflections on the Value of a Journey—with António Souto.
  • Cabral and Machel Are the True Heirs of Marx.
  • The Work of Ruth First in the Centre of African Studies: The Development Course—with Bridget O’Laughlin.
  • The Portuguese Army Must Defend Cahora Bassa.
  • Independence Without Decolonisation: The Transfer of Power in Mozambique, 1974-1975.
  • Some Background Notes.
  • The Defence of Our Sovereignty Is More Important than Ideology.
  • From the Idealisation of Frelimo to the Understanding of the Recent History of Mozambique—with Jacques Depelchin.
  • Mozambique: Facing a War Without End.
  • Aquino, Our Comrade, Our Brother—Simon Malley.
  • Aquino—Immanuel Wallerstein.
  • Homage to Aquino de Bragança—Carlos Lopes.
  • Aquino de Bragança—Gary Littlejohn.