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Minorities and Minority Rights in Turkey: From the Ottoman Empire to the Present State

Baskın Oran, translated by John William Day
Minorities and Minority Rights in Turkey: From the Ottoman Empire to the Present State
ISBN: 978-1-62637-861-2
ISBN: 978-1-62637-934-3
2021/275 pages/LC: 2020031846
Power and Human Rights
"An essential introductory read.... It is a valuable contribution to scholarship on minority rights in general and minorities in Turkey in particular." —Dilek Kurban, Middle East Journal


The collapse of the multiethnic, multireligious, and multilingual Ottoman Empire after World War I led to the establishment of several nation-states, with enormous repercussions for the empire's minority populations. Baskın Oran focuses on religious and ethnic minorities in the Republic of Turkey—home for centuries to Alevites, Armenians, Greeks, Jews, Kurds, Syriacs, and more—to provide a comprehensive analysis encompassing the Ottoman era to the present.

Minorities and Minority Rights in Turkey is a revised and updated version of Etnik ve Dinsel Azınlıklar: Tarih, Teori, Hukuk, Türkiye, published by Literatür in 2018.


Baskın Oran is professor emeritus of international relations at Ankara University. An outspoken activist, his challenges to the ideology and practices of Turkish state institutions have led to numerous reprisals, but he continues to advocate for human rights.


  • Ethnic and Religious Minorities: A Conceptual Framework.
  • Minorities in the Ottoman Empire.
  • Minorities in the Republic of Turkey.
  • Turkey's Obligations Under International Law.
  • Minorities in Turkey's Laws and Legal Structures.
  • Legislative Reforms, Resistance, and Reversals.
  • The Ideological Foundations of Repression and Discrimination.
  • The Implications of Persistent Rights Violations.