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Profiting from Peace: Managing the Resource Dimensions of Civil War

Karen Ballentine and Heiko Nitzschke, editors
Profiting from Peace: Managing the Resource Dimensions of Civil War
ISBN: 978-1-58826-262-2
ISBN: 978-1-58826-287-5
2005/539 pages/LC: 2004029657
A Project of the International Peace Institute

"This is probably the most comprehensive work to date about the resource dimension of intrastate wars."—Bjørn Møller, Economics of Peace and Security Journal

"Likely to become a main reference point in the resource and conflict literature.... To date the most ambitious—and successful —attempt to address the wide variety of tools available for policymakers to reduce the negative effects of natural resource endowments like diamonds, oil and timber."—Henrik Urdal, Journal of Peace Research

"This seminal book offers a wealth of insight into the multiple ways that multinational corporations, financial and commodity markets, and global trade feed into today's civil and regional wars.... It is a 'must read' not only for scholars and practitioners of conflict management, but also for students of international business and those in corporate boardrooms."—Fen Osler Hampson, Carleton University

"This important book offers sensible and practical steps that we in the international community can take to ensure that natural resources become a source of wealth and development rather than impoverishment and destruction."—Ian Bannon, World Bank

"Profiting from Peace focuses on solutions instead of causes—on curbing the financial flows that fuel so many wars in the developing world, on corporate responsibility and attacking the culture of impunity. It will surely become essential reading for all students of contemporary warfare."—Andrew Mack, University of British Columbia


Providing both a means and a motive for armed conflict, the continued access of combatants in contemporary civil wars to lucrative natural resources has often served to counter the incentives for peace. Profiting from Peace offers the first comprehensive assessment of the practical strategies and tools that might be used effectively, by both international and state actors, to help reduce the illicit exploitation of natural resources and the related financial flows that sustain the violence.


The late Karen Ballentine was most recently senior consultant to the New Security Program at the FAFO Institute for Applied International Studies. Previously she was senior associate at the International Peace Institute, heading the Program on Economic Agendas in Civil Wars. Her publications include The Politi Academycal Economy of Armed Conflict: Beyond Greed and Grievance (with Jake Sherman). Heiko Nitzschke works for the German Foreign Service. 


  • Introduction—the Editors.
  • Natural Resources and Armed Conflicts: Issues and Options—M. Humphreys.
  • What Lessons from the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme?—I. Smillie.
  • Tracking Conflict Commodities and Financing—J.M. Winer.
  • Lessons from the UN's Counterterrorism Efforts—S.E. Eckert.
  • Combating Organized Crime in Armed Conflict—P. Williams and J.T. Picarelli.
  • Protecting Livelihoods in Violent Economies—S. Jackson.
  • Assessing Company Behavior in Conflict Environments—L. Zandvliet.
  • Private Financial Actors and Corporate Responsibility in Conflict Zones —M. Mansley.
  • Export Credit Agencies and Corporate Conduct in Conflict Zones—N. Hildyard.
  • Revenue Transparency and the Publish What You Pay Campaign—G. Hayman and C. Crossin.
  • Development Assistance, Conditionality, and War Economies—J.K. Boyce.
  • Regulating Business in Conflict Zones: Challenges and Options—L. Lunde and M. Taylor.
  • Conflict Management and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational EnterprisesP. Feeney and T. Kenny.
  • Improving Sanctions Through Legal Means?—P. Kopp.
  • Corporate Accountability Under the U.S. Alien Tort Claims Act—P.L. Hoffman.
  • War Economies, Economic Actors, and International Criminal Law—W.A. Schabas.
  • Peace Before Profit: The Challenges of Governance—K. Ballentine.