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Security, Democracy, and Development in U.S.-Latin American Relations

Lars Schoultz, William C. Smith, and Augusto Varas, editors
 
ISBN: 978-1-56000-760-9
$24.95
1994/304 pages/LC: 94-7502
Distributed for the North-South Center Press

"This timely and informative collection of essays brings to light the multitude of opportunities and challenges presented by the current conjuncture for reshaping civil-military interactions within Latin American nations and for redefining security arrangements between the United States and Latin American governments.... What this book does best is highlight the possibilities for improved relations along these domestic and international fronts, while simultaneously identifying underlying tensions that could erupt and strain (if not reverse current tendencies toward cooperation."—American Political Science Review

"What differentiates this volume from similar works is its provision of prescriptions for policymakers charged with establishing new roles, relationships, and institutions appropriate to changed domestic and international conditions."—American Political Science Review

DESCRIPTION

The end of the Cold War coincides with profound transformations in global geopolitics, and the nations of the Western Hemisphere must now adjust to new strategic conditions that have altered the meaning of the inter-American system. The very concept of "Latin America" is undergoing a redefinition, as the economies of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and, in the future, of some of the Caribbean Basin nations are quickly becoming integrated into a wider North American economic system. This "post-Latin America" might well be characterized by several subregional systems, with sharply differing economic, political, and strategic potential and influence in the emerging world system.

Latin American leaders may not recognize the full range of opportunities open to them now that their U.S. counterparts are less preoccupied by geostrategic thinking. Nowhere is the situation more fluid, and nowhere are the possibilities for constructive change more promising, than in the balancing of security, democracy, and development needs. This volume brings together leading experts on inter-American security issues from the United States and Latin America to explore the impact of global changes on the Western Hemisphere.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Lars Schoultz is William Rand Kenan, Jr., Professor of Political Science and director of the Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. William C. Smith teaches Latin American political economy at the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Miami. Augusto Varas is senior fellow and coordinator of the International Relations and Security Program at FLACSO in Chile.

CONTENTS

  • Introduction.
  • POST-COLD WAR PERSPECTIVES ON SECURITY, DEMOCRACY, AND DEVELOPMENT.
  • Post-Cold War Security Interests and Perceptions of Threat in the Western Hemisphere—A. Varas.
  • U.S. Values and Approaches to Hemispheric Security Issues—L. Schoultz.
  • U.S. Military Activities in Latin America: Rationales and Perceptions—N. Serafino.
  • The Decline of U.S. Military Influence in Latin America—J.S. Fitch.
  • Latin American Reaction to U.S. Policies on Drugs and Terrorism—J.G. Tokatlián.
  • Post-Cold War Military Relations between the United States and Latin America—T. Guedes da Costa.
  • ARMS MODERNIZATON AND ARMS CONTROL IN LATIN AMERICA.
  • The Perspectives of the U.S. Government and Private Military Suppliers—M. Klare.
  • Security Regimes in the Western Hemisphere: A View from Latin America—F. Rojas Aravena.
  • The Politics of Arms Production and the Arms Race among the New Democracies of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile—C.H. Acuña and W.C. Smith.
  • EMERGING PERSPECTIVES ON SECURITY, DEMOCARCY, AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE 1990S.
  • The Latin American Military: Development, Reform, and "Nation-Building"?—F. Agüero.
  • Inter-American Security Communities: Concepts and Challenges—D.R. Mares.