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The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh: On the Difficult Road to Peace

Amena Mohsin
The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh: On the Difficult Road to Peace
ISBN: 978-1-58826-138-0
2003/165 pages/LC: 2002031837
An International Peace Institute Occasional Paper


Ending a two-decade-long armed insurgency, the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Peace Accord was signed in December 1997 by the government of Bangladesh and the PCJSS, the political representative of the Hill people. However, because of ambiguities within the accord and the failure to implement many of its crucial elements, the situation in the CHT today is far from peaceful.

Amena Mohsin considers the context, processes, and politics of peacebuilding in the CHT. Shedding light on the political and diplomatic tradeoffs involved in negotiating and implementing the peace accord, Mohsin suggests interventions at the local, national, and international levels aimed at moving toward resolution of the conflict.


Amena Mohsin is professor of international relations at Dhaka University. She is author of The Politics of Nationalism: The Case of the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh.


  • Introduction.
  • The Politics of Identity Formation.
  • The Peace Accord and Its Problematic.
  • Postaccord Chittagong Hill Tracts.
  • In Search of Peace: Policy Recommendations.
  • Lessons and Conclusions.
  • Postscript.
  • Appendixes:
  • Survey Questionnaire.
  • Jana Samhati Samiti: CHT Guidelines.
  • The Peace Accord of 1997.
  • The Rangamati Declaration.