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The Congress Movement, Volume 1: The Unfolding of the Congress Alliance 1912-1961

Sylvia Neame
The Congress Movement, Volume 1: The Unfolding of the Congress Alliance 1912-1961
ISBN: 978-0-7969-2486-5
$35.00
2015/595 pages
Distributed for HSRC Press

DESCRIPTION

The Congress Movement, based on primary and secondary sources including some 80 interviews dating back to the early 1960s, uniquely combines narrative and analysis. 

Volume 1 traces the unfolding of the congress movement from its beginnings early in the 20th Century and looks at socialist and other forces that played an integral part in its formation. The 1918-1920 upsurge, which included an African mineworkers' strike, played a key role in this development and laid the basis in the 1920s for a partnership between the ICU and ANC.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Sylvia Neame is a long-standing member of the African National Congress movement and the South African Communist Party. She is author of Imprisoned: The Experiences of a Prisoner of Apartheid and, most recently, The Drama of the Peace Process: I Look Back 30 Years.

CONTENTS

  • TOWARDS A TYPOLOGY OF THE ANC AND THE ICU: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF A RANGE OF VIEWS.
  • The CI's "Black Republic" Resolution.
  • The ICU as a Rural Movement—Helen Bradford.
  • Erosion of the Historical Method, 1970s–80s: Neo-Marxists and "Social Historians."
  • Characterizing the ANC in Terms Of a Relationship to State Power—Susan Booysen and Paul Rich.
  • The ANC, Popular Struggle, and Marginal Groupings—Philip Bonner.
  • The Discontinuous Nature of ANC History—Tom Lodge.
  • A National-Political History of the ANC—Peter Walshe.
  • The ANC and Labour–Continuity in Congress History—Peter Limb.
  • Origins of the ANC—André Odendaal.
  • THE WORKERS' UPSURGE OF 1918-20: BIRTH OF THE CONGRESS MASS MOVEMENT.
  • The ISL and the Establishment of the IWA.
  • Development of the IWA Prior to the Upsurge.
  • Tensions Within the IWA.
  • Wages Movement of 1918.
  • The Moffat Report.
  • Pass Campaign of 1919.
  • The 1920 Strike.
  • National Congress and the Formation of a National Workers' Organisation, 1920.
  • Response of the Ruling Class.
  • Mahabane Comes to the Fore.
  • CLEMENTS KADALIE AND SELBY MSIMANG, 1919-1921: CONGRESS, THE ICWU, AND THE ICU.
  • Kadalie's Background.
  • Early Days of the ICU.
  • Cape Town Strike, 1919.
  • Selby Msimang's Background.
  • SANNC Conference of May 2910: African Worker Organisation and Meshach Pelem.
  • Establishment of the ICWU at Bloemfontein, July 1920.
  • Problems of Structure Arising From the Bloemfontein Conference.
  • The ICU Claims the Role of a Nationwide Movement.
  • The Port Elizabeth Events of 1920: Masabalala and Msimang.
  • Kadalie and Masabalala Break with Msimang at the Time of the July 1921 ICWU Conference.
  • Msimang Drifts Into the Camp of the Joint Councils.
  • THE 1922 STRIKE AND UPRISING: WAS IT ANTI-BLACK?
  • State of the Parliamentary Parties Preceding the Strike.
  • The 1922 Strike.
  • Different Streams in the Strike.
  • Role of Afrikaner Nationalist Politicians.
  • Role of the Blacks in the Strike.
  • The Cape, the ICU, and the 1922 Strike.
  • BLACK ORGANISATIONS IN TRANSITION, 1921-EARLY 1924: RELATIONS WITH THE PARLIAMENTARY PARTIES.
  • The ICU's October 1921 Conference.
  • The ICU's 1923 Conference.
  • The Contradictions Continue: ICU and ICWU.
  • A New Phase: Growing Disillusionment of Black Leaders with Smuts.
  • Annual Conference of Congress, May 1923.
  • The ICU in the New Phase.
  • The CP's Attitude Towards the ICU and Black Nationalism into Early 1924.
  • The ICU's January 1924 Conference.
  • THE 1924 GENERAL ELECTION: WHITE-BLACK FRONT AGAINST SMUTS?
  • Pact Policies for the General Election.
  • The Pact and the Mining Industry.
  • The Communists and the 1924 Election.
  • Cape Black Leaders Attempt to Establish a United Front for the General Election.
  • The All-African Convention, May 1924.
  • Mahabane and Segregation: Run-up to the Election.
  • ANC Annual Conference, May 1924, and the General Election.
  • Cape Blacks in the Election Campaign.
  • Election Results: How Did the Blacks Vote?
  • Contradictory Nature of Hertzog's Segregation Policy in its Early Phase, Including in His Smithfield Address.
  • THE ICU AND ANC, MID-1924 TO APRIL 1926: NON-COOPERATION AND EFFORTS TO ESTABLISH A UNITED FRONT.
  • The ICU Comes to the Rand.
  • ICU–ANC Relations in the Setting of the ANC's 1925 Conference.
  • Selope Thelma's Difficulties with Congress, Mid-1923 to 1925.
  • The ICU's 1925 Conference.
  • CU–ANC and the Pass Issue in 1925.
  • IU–ANC: Organisational-Structural Aspects.
  • ICU–ANC: The Social Aspect.
  • Receding of Garveyist Influence in the ICU: Role of Thaele.
  • Kadalie's Internationalist Outlook.
  • CP–ICU, 1924–Early 1926.
  • Growing Disillusionment with Hertzog.
  • Mahabane Calls for a National Convention.
  • ANC in Special Convention, January 1926.
  • The Special Convention and the Question of Mass Struggle.
  • Problem of the United Front Between the ICU and the ANC.
  • Postscript: Kadalie Maintains the Role of the ICU as a Potential Wing of the ANC.
  • STRUCTURAL ASPECTS OF THE ICU, 1925-APRIL 1926: TRADE UNION, AFRICAN-COLOURED ALLIANCE, OR AFRICAN NATIONALIST MOVEMENT?
  • The ICU, The Stevedores, and the Rest of the Dockworkers.
  • Growth of a Town-Based Branch Structure.
  • ICU Offices, Manned by Provincial Secretaries, Tend to Undermine the Branch Structure.
  • Opposition to Tyamzashe's Bureaucratic Methods.
  • The Communists and the Question of the ICU'[s Realignment on a Trade Union Basis.
  • The ICU's 1925 Constitution.
  • A Coloured or an African Organisation?
  • Problems of the ICU's Leading Organs.
  • La Guma's Inspection Report.
  • National Council Meeting and Conference, April 1926, In Relation to Structural Issues.
     
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