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The Evolution of Public Policy: Cars and the Environment

Toni Marzotto, Vicky Moshier Burnor, and Gordon Scott Bonham
ISBN: 978-1-55587-858-0
ISBN: 978-1-55587-882-5
1999/231 pages/LC: 99-25923

"A well-written illustration of the policy process. Recommended for undergraduates through faculty and practitioners."—Choice


How is U.S. public policy made? This comprehensive survey, designed to help students and scholars understand the complexity of policymaking, traces the Employee Commute Option (ECO) step by step from initial idea through enactment and implementation to evaluation and reformulation.

The authors integrate two dominant theories in the policy analysis literature—the policy cycle model and the advocacy coalition framework—using them to examine transportation options mandated by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. They also analyze the social and economic impact of environmental policy on private companies and their employees when states attempt to clean the air and reduce congestion by legislating against the love affair between U.S. citizens and their cars. Drawing on original documents and rich data on ECO, this study is the perfect introduction to the policymaking process.


Toni Marzotto is associate professor of political science at Towson University. Vicky Moshier Burnor is research associate for the Regional Economics Studies Institute at Towson University. Gordon Scott Bonham is assistant director of the Regional Economics Studies Institute at Towson University.


  • Analyzing Public Policy: Policy Stages and Advocacy Coalitions.
  • Problem Definition: The Demand for Action.
  • Agenda Setting: Taking the Demand to Government.
  • Policy Formulation: From Idea to Law.
  • Policy Implementation: The Public Actors.
  • Policy Implementation: The Private Actors.
  • Policy Evaluation: Deliberate or Rushed Judgment.
  • Policy Reformulation: The Problem Revisited.