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The Future Role of the Ejido in Rural Mexico

Richard Snyder and Gabriel Torres, editors
ISBN: 978-1-87836-737-2
1998/118 pages
Distributed for the Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies at the University of California, San Diego


This volume explores how recent reforms to Mexico's agrarian legislation changed the ejido's traditional role as the principal economic and political agent in the countryside. Based on field studies in Chiapas, Jalisco, Oaxaca, and Yucatán, the authors demonstrate how variations in historical contexts and local sociocultural conditions have had a major impact on the efficacy of agrarian reforms, and they offer examples of enabling and constraining contexts for government efforts to implement new agrarian policies.

These authors' findings challenge our expectations grounded in neoliberal economic theory; free market forces have not destroyed the ejido. Instead, the ejido's role has been redefined and sometimes strengthened in intriguing and often unexpected ways.


  • Introduction: The Changing Role of the Ejido—Richard Snyder.
  • The Cultural and Political Dynamics of Agrarian Reform in Oaxaca and Chiapas—Lynn Stephen.
  • PROCEDE: Gateway to Modernization of the Ejido? The Case of Yucatán—Othón Baños Ramírez.
  • Illegality and Economic Viability on the Post-Modern Frontier: Marqués de Comillas, Chiapas—Neil Harvey.
  • The Agave War: Toward an Agenda for the Post-NAFTA Ejido—Gabriel Torres.
  • Campesinos, the State, and Agrarian Organization in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec—Yanga Villagómez, Hugo Santos Gómez, and Gloria Zafra.