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The Political Economy of Contract Farming in Zimbabwe

Freedom Mazwi
The Political Economy of Contract Farming in Zimbabwe
ISBN: 978-0-7969-2622-7
2022/280 pages
Distributed for HSRC Press


Freedom Mazwi examines patterns of agricultural finance in Zimbabwe since the radical Fast Track Land Resettlement Programme (FTLRP) was implemented in 2000—and, especially, the varying impact that the FTLRP reforms have had not only on land use, but also on the well-being of farmers.

Focusing on contract farming in the tobacco and sugarcane sectors, Mazwi offers penetrating insights into social contradictions and power relations in Zimbabwe's rural areas. He also assesses the institutional finance mechanisms that have emerged in response to the radical land reforms and reflects on the related political and economic isolation of the country since 2000. Not least, he suggests how agrarian policy could be restructured to better benefit small-scale farmers.


Freedom Mazwi is a research fellow at Rhodes University and is also affiliated with the Sam Moyo African Institute for Agrarian Studies and the Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Studies.


  • The Changing Patterns of Agricultural Finance in Zimbabwe: Innovation by the Peasantry in Light of Social Exclusion.
  • Global Architecture and the Incorporation of Peasantry.
  • In Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Peasantry Under Tobacco Contract Farming in Zimbabwe.
  • Land Use Shifts, Subhuman Existence, and Stunned Social Differentiation Among Tobacco Growers in Raffingora.
  • Nature of Contract Farming in Sugar and Changing Patterns of Agricultural Finance in Hippo Valley.
  • Land Utilization, Adverse Incorporation, and Accelerated Social Differentiation Among Sugar Outgrowers in Hippo Valley.
  • Conclusion.