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The Rise of China’s Industrial Policy, 1978 to 2020

Barry Naughton
The Rise of China’s Industrial Policy, 1978 to 2020
ISBN: 978-607-8066-59-9
ISBN: 978-607-8066-60-5
2021/131 pages
Distributed for the Academic Network of Latin America and the Caribbean on China
"Meticulously researched.... A reader interested in the PRC's industrial policies and their background will currently find no better coverage."—Carsten Holz, Pacific Affairs


Can China's remarkable, rapid emergence as a large economy and technological power be attributed to specific policies, and more generally to a Chinese program of industrial policy? More simply put: What is it that China has done right? This is the fundamental question that Barry Naughton addresses in his extended essay.

Disentangling the threads of China's industrial policies since 1978, Naughton argues that a distinctive, "government-steered market economy," a term articulated  by the country's policymakers, is indeed taking shape and warrants serious consideration as a new type of economic system—one that has ramifications far beyond China's borders.


Barry Naughton is So Kwanlok Professor in the School of Global Policy and Strategy, University of California, San Diego.


  • Foreword—Enrique Dussel Peters.
  • Introduction: What Is Industrial Policy? What Is China's Industrial Policy?
  • Bringing the Economy to Life: Growth Without Industrial Policy.
  • Turning Point: Reviving Industrial Policy, 2006–2013.
  • The Innovation-Driven Development Strategy, 2015–Present.
  • Instruments and Institutions.
  • Conclusions.