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Why Muslims Rebel: Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World

Mohammed M. Hafez, with a foreword by Fred Halliday
Why Muslims Rebel: Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World
ISBN: 978-1-58826-124-3
ISBN: 978-1-58826-302-5
ISBN: 978-1-62637-926-8
2004/253 pages/LC: 2002031692

"A theoretically informed and persuasive study of Islamist movements' turn to violence.... accessible, sound, and effectively presented."—Laleh Khalili, International Journal of Middle East Studies

[Hafez's] argument is an important one and deserves serious attention."—Eliz Sanasarian, Perspectives on Politics

"A significant work of originality, astuteness, fairness, and depth.... I would recommend it to colleagues and students alike."—John P. Entelis, Fordham University

"An insightful and stimulating analysis, both theoretically informed and empirically grounded. Professor Hafez's path-breaking volume significantly enhances our understanding of rebellions in the modern Muslim world." —Guilain P. Denoeux, Colby College


Now available in paperback!

Rejecting theories of economic deprivation and psychological alienation, Mohammed Hafez offers a provocative analysis of the factors that contribute to protracted violence in the Muslim world today.

Hafez combines a sophisticated theoretical approach and detailed case studies to show that the primary source of Islamist insurgencies lies in the repressive political environments within which the vast majority of Muslims find themselves. Highlighting when and how institutional exclusion and indiscriminate repression contribute to large-scale rebellion, he provides a crucial dimension to our understanding of Islamic politics.


Mohammed M. Hafez is professor in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.


  • Foreword: Rebellion in the Islamic World—Fred Halliday.
  • Introduction: The Challenge of Explaining Muslim Rebellions.
  • Political Exclusion in the Muslim World.
  • Repression and Rebellion.
  • Exclusive Organizations and Protracted Conflict.
  • Ideology and Anticivilian Violence.
  • Conclusion: Patterns of Rebellion.
No rights in South Asia.