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World Agriculture and the GATT

William P. Avery, editor
ISBN: 978-1-55587-309-7
1992/236 pages/LC: 92-28186
International Political Economy Yearbook, Volume 7

"We must hope that the International Yearbook series continues to provide such a rich and varied forum as the first nine volumes have proved to be."—Christopher May, Political Geography

"A thoughtful, insightful, comprehensive collection on an understudied topic."—Robert D. Putnam

"A splendid overview of agriculture and GATT."—William P. Browne


Agriculture—central to the interests of both the rich industrialized countries, where it is heavily subsidized, and the poor nonindustrialized countries, where it is often the principal source of export earnings—has posed a problem for the global-free-trade regime since the beginning of the GATT. Multilateral trade negotiations have continually failed to bring agriculture into the free-trade system. And the most recent negotiations, the Uruguay Round, collapsed in December 1990 because of lack of agreement on terms to liberalize agricultural trade. Resumed in 1991, those talks continue to deadlock over this issue.

This book examines the role of agriculture in global free trade, the competing interests of the United States, Europe, Japan, and the LDCs, the tension between states' domestic agricultural and international trade interests, and the particular impact of agriculture on the Uruguay Round.


William P. Avery is professor of political science at the University of Nebraska. He is coeditor (with David P. Rapkin) of Markets, Politics, and Change in the Global Political Economy and America in a Changing World Political Economy.


  • Agriculture and Free Trade—W.P. Avery.
  • The Changing Role of the U.S. in the Global Agricultural Trade Regime—T.H. Cohn.
  • Why Agriculture Blocked the Uruguay Round: Evolving Strategies in a Two-Level Game—R.L. Paarlberg.
  • Rice Liberalization and Japan's Role in the Uruguay Round: A Two-Level Game Approach—D.P. Rapkin and A. George.
  • The European Community and the GATT Uruguay Round: Preserving the Common Agricultural Policy at All Costs—H.W. Moyer.
  • Australian and Canadian Approaches to the Cairns Group: Two-Level Games and the Political Economy of Adjustment—A.F. Cooper and R. Higgott.
  • Developing Countries in the Uruguay Round: Bargaining Under Uncertainty and Inequality—R.F. Hopkins.
  • Endogenous Agricultural and Trade Policy in Open Economies: Implications for the GATT—H. von Witzke and U. Hausner.
  • Beyond the Uruguay Round: Emerging Issues in Agricultural Trade Policy—C.F. Runge.